Brief History

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The five Founding Members were later joined by nine other Members: Qatar (1961); Indonesia (1962) – suspended its membership from January 2009; Libya (1962); United Arab Emirates (1967); Algeria (1969); Nigeria (1971); Ecuador (1973) – suspended its membership from December 1992-October 2007; Angola (2007) and Gabon (1975–1994). OPEC had its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, in the first five years of its existence. This was moved to Vienna, Austria, on September 1, 1965.

OPEC's objective is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

The 1960s Maximize
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The 1970s Maximize
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The 1980s Maximize
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The 1990s Maximize
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The 2000s Maximize
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For more on OPEC visit their website: http://www.opec.org/

 


1st OPEC Conference, Baghdad, September 10–14, 1960
 


32nd (Extraordinary) OPEC Conference, Vienna, March 16–17, 1973
 


107th OPEC Conference, Vienna, March 23, 1999 
 

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